For Your Healthy Smile
Diseases develop in the gums, which form the basis of the mouth and teeth, due to different reasons. These gum diseases, which can be seen in everyone and in every age group, lead to serious dental problems unless they are treated. Routine and correct oral care is generally an effective step in the prevention of these diseases. However, in some cases, even routine oral care is not sufficient. In such a case, it is necessary to consult a specialist dentist, and an effective and correct treatment is provided in a short time.
Infectious diseases that occur in the surrounding tissues that support the teeth are called gum disease. This health problem, which is seen in every age group, manifests itself in different ways. This disease can be seen even if the teeth do not have caries. If left untreated, tooth loss, loosening of the teeth, bad breath and bleeding may occur. The biggest disadvantage of this problem is that it is painless. Thus, it is diagnosed late and its treatment is often delayed.
This health problem, which is called ‘periodontology’ in the medical language, is called ‘peridontitis’ if it progresses too much. If this inflammatory disease is diagnosed in the early period, there is usually no need for surgical treatment methods. For this reason, it is very important to go to the dentist for regular check-ups at least every 6 months. In addition, it is the best approach to get expert support as soon as possible in dental problems.
Gum diseases occur as a result of the accumulation of bacterial plaque (microbial dental plaque) on the periodontal tissues around the teeth. Plaque, which is the main factor in the formation of this disease, is formed by the combination of food residues on the teeth with bacteria in the saliva. In the advanced stage, it turns into dental calculus. Plaque formation, which is a physiological process, is harmless in the first few hours and is a natural process. However, if it is not cleaned, it reaches a certain thickness and after this period it becomes a toxic substance. Thus, it causes this disease, which has the potential to pose a threat to oral health.
There are also different factors that cause gingival disorders that cause destruction in the tissues around the teeth. These:
Gum diseases, which are mostly manifested by bleeding in the gums, are a problem that most people experience at some point in their lives. Early diagnosis is very important in effective and short-term treatment. Therefore, a dentist should be consulted as soon as the symptoms are noticed. Its symptoms are generally as follows:
The cause of bleeding seen in the gums is the deterioration of the veins and vascular structures that feed the tissue around the tooth due to inflammation. Because of this deterioration, the blood elements that should actually stay in the vein come out. Thus, bleeding occurs.
The first step in the prevention of dental and oral diseases is to pay attention to routine care. While it is recommended to brush at least twice a day, it is necessary to make sure that all tooth surfaces are cleaned. In addition, wisdom teeth and posterior tooth surfaces are the most difficult areas to clean. Therefore, care must be exercised. In addition, it is recommended to brush the points where the gums and teeth meet with oval movements, as if massaging.
While doing the routine daily cleaning of the teeth, the food residues that the brush cannot reach and enter should be cleaned with dental floss and interface brush. In addition, brushes should be renewed for at least 2-3 months. Even if there is gingival bleeding during brushing, brushing should be continued. Because the main reason for these bleeding gums is less brushing.
One of the most effective steps in preventing gum diseases is to see the dentist regularly every 5-6 months. Especially in periods when the occurrence and progression of dental diseases is easier, the controls should be more frequent. These; conditions such as menopause, puberty, pregnancy, and diseases such as diabetes. If calculus is detected during the doctor’s controls, it is recommended to clean it as soon as possible. Otherwise, more detailed and long-lasting treatments should be done.
In general, gum diseases are treated in 3 ways. These; deep dental cleaning, drug treatment and surgical approach. In the deep cleaning performed with dental applications, teeth and gums are purified from all foreign substances. In the meantime, tartar, plaque, tartar and food residues are cleaned. This dental cleaning is done on the teeth, in the visible spaces of the gums and in the cavities that reach the tooth root.
Gum diseases should be treated as soon as they are noticed, otherwise it will progress. In addition, the type of treatment is determined according to the tissue and stage of the disease. The goal of treatment is primarily to treat the infection. If the disease is advanced, detailed cleaning is not enough and requires surgical intervention. Oral care is recommended by a specialist after surgical intervention. It is important to pay attention to this care so that the disease does not recur and the treatment can be completed.
For advanced gingival diseases, surgical intervention is required. Surgical interventions applied according to the stage are as follows:
The first step for healthy teeth and gums is regular care and expert control. If one or more of the symptoms are seen, it is necessary to consult a specialist immediately. Thus, the problem is solved with a short-term treatment without the need for surgical intervention.